#1) Plan out your project- The first step to painting a mural is to plan out your project. You need to determine where you are going to paint, the amount of money you have to spend, design, and method of paint application. The majority of people who plan on painting details will have to use paintbrushes. Larger areas can be painted with rollers and/or paint sprayers. You might need step stools and ladders if you are unable to reach the top of the wall. Note- you should always test out the paint sprayer before you apply it to a large area.
#1) Clean the wall with water, soap, and sponges- Before you can start painting, it is extremely important to clean the wall. You will want to remove any dirt, dust, or grease in order to prepare the surface. Depending on the color of the wall, you might want to apply a primer. You do not need to use any harsh chemicals and can clean the wall by using a sponge, soap, and water. If you have a large indoor fan you can speed up the process to dry the wall.
#2) Use the grid method to draw the design- An effective way to properly transport your design to the wall is to use the grid method. The grid method is the best option for someone who is painting on a large surface area. You draw the painting on a smaller scale and the transfer the same image on the wall. A common way to do this is by making one inch equivalent to one foot. When you are painting on blocks or cinderblocks, you should base the scale off of one block.
#3) Purchase your paint- After you have drawn the design, it is time to start painting. You can choose the type of paint based off of your purpose and budget. Artists who can afford expensive paint might want high quality acrylic paints that are specifically meant for murals.
#4) Get a wide variety of brushes and start painting- The next step is to get your paint brushes and start painting. You should get a variety of large and small paintbrushes. Large paintbrushes are ideal for large areas because they allow you to paint a larger area in a shorter period of time. Small paint brushes are perfect for details. Note- you should never skimp out when it comes to paint brushes. Using paint brushes that have a low quality can destroy your mural.
#5) Take a break and take a step back- Every once in a while, you need to take a step back and then look at the painting from a distance. Sometimes it is hard to see a mistake or when something is off when you are looking at it up close.
#6) Give it the proper amount of time to dry- After you finish painting, it is important to give it the proper amount of time to dry. People might be tempted to touch the mural or bump into the paint on accident. Therefore, you should do your best to keep everyone out of the room.
#7) Apply a coat of clear varnish- You can apply a coat of clear varnish to the mural in order to protect the paint. An added bonus is that the varnish makes the mural easy to clean. This is a great option for someone who is painting a mural in a children’s room. You won’t have to worry about the wall getting dirty because it is easy to clean.
#8) Cut off any excess paint- It is a good idea to use a large hunting or dive knife to cut off any excess paint. This is best done by “skimming” the top layer off with this sharp blade as to not hurt the wall.